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Is There a “Biodiversity Kuznets Curve” for the Main OECD Countries?

Roberta de Santis ()

Rivista di Politica Economica, 2013, issue 3, 215-225

Abstract: The innovative feature of this paper is its attempt to estimate by panel data methodology an environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) for biodiversity for OECD countries in the period 1990-2010. We use a biodiversity terrestrial and marine index and include in the equation proxies for trade, FDI and international agreements for biodiversity protection. According to our estimates the EKC hypothesis is partially verified. A preliminary policy implication coming from our results is that an increase in environmental-friendly production technology could be obtained devoting more economic resources to this purpose and not only waiting for a generalized increase in the income.

Keywords: biodiversity risk; trade; FDI; environmental Kuznets curve (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O40 Q50 C23 C52 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013
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Handle: RePEc:rpo:ripoec:y:2013:i:3:p:215-225