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BEYOND THE NORTH-SOUTH DIVIDE? THE GEOGRAPHY OF STRATEGIC ALLIANCES IN ITALY

Simona De Rosa (), Filippo Randelli and Luca Salvati
Additional contact information
Simona De Rosa: Università di Roma 'La Sapienza'
Filippo Randelli: Florence University
Luca Salvati: Italian Council for Agricultural Research and Economics (CREA)

Romanian Journal of Regional Science, 2016, vol. 10, issue 2, 15-34

Abstract: Alliances among small- and medium-size enterprises have been considered a response to the global competition, being differentiated over space and reflecting the distinction between 'innovative' and 'traditional' districts. The present study investigates the spatial structure of a representative sample of strategic alliances recently held in Italy to investigate whether the North-South economic divide influences networks' concentration and persistence over time. Using a database covering 333 alliances and 1800 enterprises, alliances and the participating enterprises were classified according to firm specialization and spatial location. The spatial structure of strategic alliances across Italy was explored through multivariate statistics of the spatial distribution of the participating firms and of additional variables assessing technological intensity, agglomeration factors and networks. The importance of factors shaping the distribution of strategic alliances in Italy varies across space reflecting multiple geographical gradients (agglomeration, accessibility, district specialization) and going beyond the traditional disparities observed between wealthier and economicallydisadvantaged regions.

Keywords: Strategic alliances; Networks; Proximity; Italy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: R1 R4 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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