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SPATIAL CONVERGENCE OF PER CAPITA CO2 EMISSIONS AMONG MENA COUNTRIES

Davoud Behboudi (), Davoud Hamidi Razi () and Sadeq Rezaei
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Davoud Behboudi: University of Tabriz, Iran
Sadeq Rezaei: University of Teheran, Iran

Romanian Journal of Regional Science, 2017, vol. 11, issue 1, 18-35

Abstract: This paper investigates the spatial convergence hypothesis for per capita CO2 emissions among Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries during 1970–2010. Spatial econometric techniques bring us a powerful tool to model spatial spillover effects of pollutions. Also, according to the empirical studies, ignoring spatial autocorrelation and spatial heterogeneity will lead to biased statistical inference. By applying cross-section modeling and spatial dynamic panel data techniques, our results show: (1) per capita CO2 emissions among MENA countries have weak absolute convergence, (2) considering spatial dimension increases conditional convergence speed, but not affects the steady state level of emissions, (3) in long-term steady state, level of per capita CO2 emissions is determined by per capita GDP and degree of urbanization. The implications of these results for sustainable regional development policies are discussed.

Keywords: MENA; carbon dioxide emissions; convergence; spillover; spatial panel econometrics (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C23 O47 Q53 P48 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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