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George Orwell as a Public Choice Economist

Michael Makovi ()

The American Economist, 2015, vol. 60, issue 2, 183-208

Abstract: George Orwell is famous for his two final fictions, Animal Farm (Orwell 1945a) and Nineteen Eighty-Four (Orwell 1949a). These two works are sometimes understood to defend capitalism against socialism. But as Orwell was a committed socialist, this could not have been his intention. Orwell's criticisms were directed not against socialism per se but against the Soviet Union and similarly totalitarian regimes. Instead, these fictions were intended as Public Choice-style investigations into which political systems furnished suitable incentive structures to prevent the abuse of power. This is demonstrated through a study of Orwell's non-fiction works, where his opinions and intentions are more explicit.

Keywords: Orwell; Public Choice; socialism; totalitarianism; Neoconservatism (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2015
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DOI: 10.1177/056943451506000208

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