Pakistanâ€™s Dependence and US Patronage: The Politics of â€˜Limited Influenceâ€™
Ahmed Waqas Waheed
Journal of Asian Security and International Affairs, 2017, vol. 4, issue 1, 69-94
Despite having poured billions of dollars of aid into Pakistanâ€™s economy and its military over the years, there is a general acceptability among scholars and policymakers that the United States exercises limited leverage in Pakistan. Although India remains the centrepiece in USâ€“Pakistan policy divergences, US frustrations often stem from the ineffectiveness of its aid-for-leverage policy, especially given Pakistanâ€™s dependence on US military assistance. The limited US influence in Pakistan can best be understood within the framework of patronâ€“client relationship and arms dependence. If the theory suggests anything, it is that various factors including US and Pakistanâ€™s behaviour contribute in channelling the relationship towards its apparent demise. Most important within these is Chinaâ€™s central role in helping Pakistan indigenize its military production and diversify its arms supply. In that sense, then, China has colluded with Pakistan in indirectly limiting US influence in Pakistan and the trend suggests that this collaboration will further reduce US leverage over Pakistan.
Keywords: Pakistanâ€“US relations; Pakistanâ€“China relations; political dependence; limited influence; foreign assistance; US leverage (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:sae:asseca:v:4:y:2017:i:1:p:69-94
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