Discourses of Exclusion: The Societal Securitization of Burmaâ€™s Rohingya (2012â€“2018)
Adam E. Howe
Journal of Asian Security and International Affairs, 2018, vol. 5, issue 3, 245-266
Abstract The contemporary persecution of Burmaâ€™s Rohingya has rapidly evolved from isolated episodes of communal violence into a global humanitarian crisis. The article analyses the evolution of the recent violence in Rakhine State from 2012 to the present. Specifically, I argue that Buddhist nationalist monks, including members of the â€˜969â€™ Movement and Ma Ba Tha, in concert with the Burmese government, have acted as authoritative voices in society, depicting the Rohingya ethno-religious group as an existential threat to the countryâ€™s majority Buddhist population. As such, hate-filled rhetoric has provided a politically unstable Burmese regime with an ideological justification for human rights abuses committed in Rakhine State. This phenomenon is analysed through Barry Buzan and Ole Waeverâ€™s securitization thesis as a means of better understanding the discursive relationship among Buddhist nationalist monks, the Burmese government and the Burmese Buddhists. Ontologically, this article focuses on anti-Rohingya discourse and major episodes of violence in western Burmaâ€™s Rakhine State from 2012 to 2018. As a discursive process, securitization has not merely amplified Islamophobia within Burma, but significantly endangers future generations of Rohingya civilians.
Keywords: Burma; Myanmar; Rohingya; securitization; ethnic conflict (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:sae:asseca:v:5:y:2018:i:3:p:245-266
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