Review of Carbon Emissions Trading Pilots in China
Tao Pang and
Energy & Environment, 2014, vol. 25, issue 3-4, 527-549
China's carbon emissions trading pilot schemes have already made significant progress, with five out of the seven pilot systems having started operation by the end of 2013. The experience in establishing and operating the pilot schemes will be valuable to the establishment of China's unified national emissions trading system in the near future. Design features of the five pilots are analyzed and compared, based on officially published documents. Aspects discussed include the establishment of the emissions cap, sector coverage, allowance allocation, data basis, compliance rules, monitoring/reporting/verification (MRV) mechanism, market intervention, offset mechanism, stakeholder consultations and legal basis. These systems are somewhat similar in cap setting, MRV mechanism and offset mechanism, but quite different in allocation approaches and market intervention. The schemes differ as well from existing international schemes as for example the European Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS). Reasons for the different designs are briefly analyzed in a comparative manner.
Keywords: Emissions trading; pilot scheme; China; allocation; compliance (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:sae:engenv:v:25:y:2014:i:3-4:p:527-549
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