The Question of Clusters in Lagging Regions: Do They Really Make the Difference? A Case Study in Romania
Carmen Beatrice Pauna,
Zizi Goschin and
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Carmen Beatrice Pauna: Institute of Economic Forecasting, Romanian Academy, Bucharest Calea 13 Septembrie 13, sector 5, RO-050711 Bucharest, Romania
Environment and Planning C, 2011, vol. 29, issue 5, 889-910
We propose an empirical analysis of the clustering phenomenon in the Eastern part of Romania as a relevant example to support the idea that the question of clusters in lagging regions, usually with economic structures dominated by mid-tech and low-tech industries, could become an interesting niche for cluster-devoted research in forthcoming years. The specific features in two lagging Romanian regions have been investigated by means of geographic information systems, followed by an interview-based qualitative inquiry. The findings indicate that, despite its great potential, the clustering process has not yet reached an upper-level stage; it is still in a â€˜start-upâ€™ phase with a series of â€˜economic agglomerationsâ€™ that could be mostly considered of a static-cluster type. Subsequent reflections on support policies suggest that local production systems of industrial-district type are an appropriate organisational form for cluster development in the two analysed regions, with a special emphasis on â€˜softâ€™ measures that are able to strengthen the local networks and to ensure cluster identity.
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:sae:envirc:v:29:y:2011:i:5:p:889-910
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