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US Trade Actions Against China: A Supply Chain Perspective

Terrie Walmsley () and Peter Minor

Foreign Trade Review, 2020, vol. 55, issue 3, 337-371

Abstract: In 2018, the United States (US) Administration initiated several trade actions, including tariffs on China for unfair trade practices outlined by the US Trade Representative (USTR). In response, China filed requests for consultations with the World Trade Organization (WTO) and has implemented or threatened to implement increased tariffs on US products. In this article, the implications of current and potential US trade actions and responses by China on the US and global economy are estimated. We employ a dynamic supply chain model based on the widely used Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) Data Base and model. Our analysis finds that US gross domestic product (GDP) would be reduced by a projected –0.86 per cent in 2030 (or US$227.8 billion in 2017 dollars), as the role of the USA in global supply chains declines significantly. China’s GDP would also decline considerably by 2.84 per cent as a result of the actions imposed against it, while the rest of the world gain, as they fill the gaps left by US and Chinese producers. JEL: F16, C68

Keywords: U.S. trade actions; China; supply chains; tariffs; global trade model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1177/0015732520920465

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