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Productivity Analysis of Coal-fired Thermal Power Plants in India Using Malmquist Index Approach

Amritpal Singh Dhillon and Hardik Vachharajani

Global Business Review, 2020, vol. 21, issue 6, 1338-1353

Abstract: The sustainable socio-economic growth of any country depends on the availability of adequate and reliable power at reasonable rates. This is even true in case of a rapidly developing country like India where coal-based power plants account for the majority of electricity generation. Making use of data envelopment analysis (DEA) and Malmquist productivity index (MPI), this study analyses the productivity change of coal-fired power plants during 2002–2012. Productivity change is further decomposed into technical efficiency change (EFFCH), technological change (TECHCH), scale efficiency change (SECH), pure technical change (PECH) and total factor productivity change (TFPCH). The study revealed that 0.70 per cent of average annual total factor productivity (TFP) growth was witnessed from 2002–2003 to 2011–2012 indicating overall progress. The contribution of TECHCH in TFP growth is positive, that is, 1.3 per cent per annum. It demonstrates that expansion of the efficient frontier. However, there was a decrease in technical EFFCH of −0.6 per cent per year, indicating the adverse sign of progress. Plants in the central sector achieved maximum growth of 4.6 per cent annually. A total of 54.05 per cent of plants have recorded negative TFP growth. Power plants between 500 and 999 MW achieved the highest operational performances in all indices except SECH.

Keywords: Malmquist productivity index; power generation industry; scale efficiency; performance evaluation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1177/0972150919856956

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