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The Functions of Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS): An Assessment of Existing Policy and Practice in Odisha

Jagatabandhu Mohapatra, Ranjit Kumar Dehury, Parthsaratathi Dehury and Ranjan Pattnaik

Journal of Development Policy and Practice, 2021, vol. 6, issue 2, 231-251

Abstract: The Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) scheme is the world’s biggest and unique programme for nutrition and childcare, launched way back on 2 October 1975 by the Government of India. It is a centrally subsidised scheme implemented by states across the country for the benefit of children, especially for vulnerable groups. The scheme’s main objective is to improve the health and nutritional condition of children below six years of age, along with pregnant women and lactating mothers. The objective of the study is to critically analyse functions of the ICDS Scheme in the state of Odisha about implementation and monitoring. The analysis was done with the help of secondary literature and available data from government documents. The opinion and experience of various stakeholders like Anganwadi workers, supervisors and other government staff have been analysed for this purpose. This article describes existing policies and procedures of food procurement, storing, supply, cooking, production and serving cycle under ICDS Scheme in Odisha. The recommendations of the study may help for future improvement of various thrust areas of the ICDS Scheme. The article brings out critical factors accountable for the efficient implementation of the ICDS programme. Further, the study evaluates the ICDS Scheme based on existing government guidelines to reach out to the masses in Odisha.

Keywords: ICDS; grassroots level workers; Anganwadi centres; food and nutrition; rural development (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1177/24551333211025112

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Handle: RePEc:sae:jodepp:v:6:y:2021:i:2:p:231-251