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Dialogue and Coordination: How Hybrid Models Can Strengthen Labor Standards Enforcement

Kelly Pike
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Kelly Pike: Kelly Pike is an Assistant Professor of Industrial Relations in the School of Human Resources Management at York University, Toronto. She is also a part-time consultant for the ILO and member of the CETA Canadian Domestic Advisory Group for Labour. Her research examines the challenges and opportunities for regulating labour in global supply chains, with a particular focus on the garment industry in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Journal of Developing Societies, 2020, vol. 36, issue 3, 312-334

Abstract: This article examines the factors that limit and support the capacity of developing states to regulate labor in the public and private spheres, as well as the role of international parties in strengthening that capacity. The purpose is to better understand the potential for a more coordinated approach informed by hybrid models of enforcement, which can contribute to closing regulatory gaps. Fieldwork was carried out in the garment sectors in South Africa and Lesotho during 2018, including 20 semi-structured interviews with industry stakeholders representing government, business, and labor. Findings indicate that the developing state has an important role to play in facilitating a more coordinated approach between systems of enforcement, including public and private enforcement agencies, national development agencies, manufacturers, buyers, and unions. The case studies indicate the potential of such an approach to, for example, improve inspection quality, accountability, and transparency. The state can play an active role in facilitating a hybrid approach to regulation that involves both state and non-state actors, with dialogue and coordination at the core of addressing broader challenges for enforcement.

Keywords: Labor standards; hybrid enforcement; state capacity; apparel industry; South Africa; Lesotho (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1177/0169796X20924577

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Handle: RePEc:sae:jodeso:v:36:y:2020:i:3:p:312-334