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Technical Efficiency and Total Factor Productivity Growth of Indonesian Manufacturing Industry: Does Openness Matter?

Mohammad Yasin

Studies in Microeconomics, 2022, vol. 10, issue 2, 195-224

Abstract: In this paper, we examine the contribution of openness variables such as import, export, absorptive capacity and foreign-shared capital to Indonesian firms’ technical efficiency and total factor productivity (TFP) growth. We use the most recent firm-level panel data of 23 subsectors in the manufacturing industry over the period from 2008 to 2015. We employ time-varying stochastic production frontier to examine factors affecting technical efficiency and to decompose the components of TFP growth. The results reveal that export and absorptive capacity alone contribute to the efficiency improvement of the firms under study. To speak specifically of foreign firms, they contribute to improving efficiency if they interact with absorptive capacity and imported raw material intensity. We identify that, on an average, the manufacturing industry in Indonesia experienced positive TFP growth. However, among 23 subsectors, there are only few subsectors that benefitted from the openness variables. In 2014, 15 out of 23 subsectors experienced negative TFP growth. This implies that, in 2014, there were some macroeconomic issues regarding the contracted policy, for example, the subsidy removal and the basic electricity tariff. JEL Classifications : C23, D24, F23, O14

Keywords: Manufacture; stochastic frontier; productivity; openness; Indonesia (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1177/23210222211024438

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