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Human Resources in Healthcare and Health Outcomes in India

Venkatanarayana Motkuri and Udaya S. Mishra

Millennial Asia, 2020, vol. 11, issue 2, 133-159

Abstract: Human resources for health including health professionals and skilled health workers are crucial in shaping health outcomes. But the shortage of human resources in healthcare services is a reality and hence it has been a cause of concern in lower-middle income countries like India. The present exercise based on census data is a situation analysis of size, composition and distribution of human resources available in the Indian healthcare services. It also explores the relationship between educational development and health workers availability alongside the association between density of health workers and health outcomes across states of India. It is observed that despite the remarkable improvement in health workers density particularly during 2001–2011, the country is falling short of the World Health Organization’s (WHO) need-based minimum requirement (4.45 health workers per 1,000 population) of health workers. The exploratory verification asserts that there is a significant and strong positive relationship/association between the density of health workers and health outcomes.

Keywords: Healthcare; human resource for healthcare; India; workforce in healthcare; health professionals (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:sae:millen:v:11:y:2020:i:2:p:133-159

DOI: 10.1177/0976399620926141

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