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National Development and Rural-Urban Policy: Past Experience and New Directions in Kenya

Hugh Emrys Evans
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Hugh Emrys Evans: Harvard Institute for International Development with the Ministry of Planning and National Development, Government of Kenya

Urban Studies, 1989, vol. 26, issue 2, 253-266

Abstract: This paper compares earlier and current approaches to rural-urban development in Kenya since its origins in the development Plan of 1970-74. Whereas, earlier, rural-urban development was treated as a self-contained policy area, it is now regarded as an integral component of national development policy. Primary attention is given not so much to the form of the urban system, but to the functioning of it. While the allocation of investments in physical infrastructure remains a key instrument of policy, others include the promotion of small towns serving rural areas - known as 'Rural Trade and Production Centres', the improvement of delivery systems for public services, and incentives for business, particularly small scale enterprises and informal sector activities.

Date: 1989
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Handle: RePEc:sae:urbstu:v:26:y:1989:i:2:p:253-266