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The Changing Intrametropolitan Location of High-poverty Neighbourhoods in the US, 1990-2000

Thomas Cooke () and Sarah Marchant
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Sarah Marchant: Planning Department, Town of Milford, Town Hall, 1 Union Square, Milford, NH 03055-4240,

Urban Studies, 2006, vol. 43, issue 11, 1971-1989

Abstract: The purpose of this research is to explore the changing geographical distribution of high-poverty neighbourhoods both between and within American metropolitan areas between 1990 and 2000. Of particular concern is the relative shift in the number of high-poverty neighbourhoods between central-city, inner-ring and outer-ring suburbs. A classification scheme is developed for identifying these three types of area. The results indicate that there has been an increase in the number of high-poverty neighbourhoods in the urban cores of economically stagnant old industrial cities of the Northeast and an increase in the number of high-poverty inner-ring neighbourhoods in Los Angeles, metropolitan areas in California's Central Valley and a few selected rapidly growing Sunbelt metropolitan areas. The analysis indicates that an increase in the number of urban core high-poverty neighbourhoods is linked to the general health of a metropolitan area's economy and that an increase in the number of inner-ring high-poverty neighbourhoods is linked to rapid population growth.

Date: 2006
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