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Advantage and Disadvantage across Australia's Extended Metropolitan Regions: A Typology of Socioeconomic Outcomes

Scott Baum, Michelle Haynes, Yolanda van Gellecum and Jung Hoon Han
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Scott Baum: Urban Research Program, School of Environmental Planning, Griffth University, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia,
Michelle Haynes: Social Research Centre, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, 5072, Australia, m.haynes@
Yolanda van Gellecum: Social Research Centre, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, 5072, Australia,
Jung Hoon Han: Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute (UQ Centre), University of Queensland, QLD 4072, Australia,

Urban Studies, 2006, vol. 43, issue 9, 1549-1579

Abstract: New national and international economic and social forces have reshaped national geographies in general and the characteristics of cities in particular, resulting in a range of diverse social and spatial outcomes. These outcomes, which include greater differentiation across, within and between cities has become a feature of the economic and social forces associated with post-Fordist social structures. Taking localities across Australia's metropolitan regions, this paper develops a typology of advantage and disadvantage using a model-based approach with clustering of data represented by a parameterised Gaussian mixture model and confidence intervals of the means providing a measure of differences between the clusters. The analysis finds seven clusters of localities that represent different aspects of the socio-spatial structure of the metropolitan regions studied.

Date: 2006
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