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The Impact of the Built Environment on Bicycle Commuting: Evidence from Beijing

Pengjun Zhao

Urban Studies, 2014, vol. 51, issue 5, 1019-1037

Abstract: This paper aims to contribute to existing literature on the effects of the built environment on bicycle commuting, examining the case of Beijing. A group of city-wide random samples is analysed. The analysis shows that bicycle commuting is significantly associated with some features of the built environment when many demographic and socioeconomic factors are taken into account. Higher destination accessibility, a higher number of exclusive bicycle lanes, a mixed environment and greater connectivity between local streets tend to increase the use of the bicycle. These effects differ across gender, age and income groups. However, residential density has no significant effects on the use of a bicycle for commuting, while higher levels of public transit services tends to decrease rather than increase bicycle commuting. The results imply that the drastic changes in the built environment are a major reason for the demise of ‘the kingdom of bicycles’ in China.

Date: 2014
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Handle: RePEc:sae:urbstu:v:51:y:2014:i:5:p:1019-1037