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Ecological Tax Reform and Involuntary Unemployment: Simulation Results for Switzerland

Gebhard Kirchgässner, Ulrich Müller and Marcel Savioz ()

Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics (SJES), 1998, vol. 134, issue III, 329-353

Abstract: Using an applied general equilibrium of the Swiss economy the economic consequences of an environmental tax reform are analysed. Such a reform is followed by a substantial reduction of C02 emissions and the use of non-renewable energy (first dividend), and a reduction of involuntary unemployment. The existence of this second dividend depends, however, on the strategy followed by trade unions. These results are compared with the results of models with voluntary employment, with an energy tax rather than a C02 tax, and a model where the three most energy intensive sectors are exempted from paying the C02 tax.

Date: 1998
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Handle: RePEc:ses:arsjes:1998-iii-6