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Macroeconomic Stability in Resource-rich Countries: The Role of Fiscal Policy

Elva Bova, Paulo Medas () and Tigran Poghosyan
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Paulo Medas: International Monetary Fund

Journal of Banking and Financial Economics, 2018, vol. 1, issue 9, 103-122

Abstract: Resource-rich countries face large and persistent shocks, especially coming from volatile commodity prices. Given the severity of the shocks, it would be expected that these countries adopt countercyclical fiscal policies to help shield the domestic economy, either through larger spending at times of commodity busts or lower spending during commodity booms. Taking advantage of a new dataset covering 48 non-renewable commodity exporters for the period 1970–2014, we investigate whether fiscal policy does indeed play a stabilizing role. Our analysis shows that fiscal policy tends to have a procyclical bias (mainly via expenditures) and, contrary to others, we do not find evidence that this bias has declined in recent years. Further, we find that the adoption of fiscal rules does not seem to reduce procyclicality in a significant way, but the quality of political institutions does matter. Finally, we find that non-commodity revenues tend to respond only to persistent changes in commodity prices.

Keywords: commodity prices; resource-rich countries; procyclical fiscal policy; fiscal rules. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C33 H30 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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Working Paper: Macroeconomic Stability in Resource-Rich Countries: The Role of Fiscal Policy (2016) Downloads
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