Küresel Stagnasyon ve İktisadi Stagnasyon Teorilerinin Karşılaştırmalı Analizi
Sosyoekonomi Journal, 2018, issue 26(35)
This article explores one of the most significant problems of contemporary global capitalism, namely ‘secular stagnation’, in the light of theories of the three different schools of economic thought (Neo-classical, Post-Keynesian and Radical Political Economy). In the age of stagnation, the ability of global capitalist system to maintain its stability and survival has declined significantly. The long-run stagnation has weakened the consensus among social classes, leading to a ‘political crisis’ and an increasing authoritarian tendency in contemporary capitalism. This paper divides modern orthodox theoretical explanations of stagnation into three categories: demand-sided theories (Summers/Krugman), supply-sided ones (Gordon) and theories denying the existence of stagnation (Bernanke & Rogoff). Although some leading orthodox economists accept that there has been a strong tendency of stagnation in advanced capitalist world since the start of this century, they neither consider stagnation to be a consequence of capitalist accumulation process nor one of neo-liberal variant of capitalism. In contrast, analyzing stagnation from a wider perspective with historical, social and political dimensions, heterodox theories have stronger theoretical foundations than those of orthodox theories. While Post-Keynesians argue that stagnation stems from structural/chronic demand deficiency caused by neo-liberalism enhancing income inequalities, radical political economists emphasize that stagnation is a ‘systemic’ problem inherent to monopoly, mature capitalism.
Keywords: Global Stagnation; Summers/Krugman Hypothesis; Post-Keynesian Economics; Radical Political Economy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E11 E13 O11 P16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:sos:sosjrn:180105
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