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China’s regional energy and carbon dioxide emissions efficiency evaluation with the presence of recovery energy: an interval slacks-based measure approach

Yiwen Bian, Kangjuan Lv and Anyu Yu ()
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Yiwen Bian: Shanghai University
Kangjuan Lv: Shanghai University
Anyu Yu: Shanghai University

Annals of Operations Research, 2017, vol. 255, issue 1, No 16, 321 pages

Abstract: Abstract Recovery energy has been one of important components of energy consumption structure in China. Recovery energy is a type of secondary energy, which is generated from various sources. Since the estimation of recovery energy from some sources such as coke oven gas and other coal gas contains some uncertainties, recovery energy can be represented as an interval variable. The extant studies in the literature ignore recovery energy in the evaluation of energy efficiency or carbon dioxide ( $$\text {CO}_{2}$$ CO 2 ) emissions efficiency. As a part of energy supply in China, recovery energy may influence regional primary energy consumption and $$\text {CO}_{2}$$ CO 2 emissions significantly. In this context, this paper proposes an interval slacks-based measure approach to evaluate energy efficiency and $$\text {CO}_{2}$$ CO 2 emissions efficiency in the presence of recovery energy in China. In the described approach, the indicator of $$\text {CO}_{2}$$ CO 2 emissions is incorporated based on the weak disposability assumption, and recovery energy is modeled as a dual factor. The optimal exact data on recovery energy of each region can be obtained. Based on the proposed approach, the measures of energy saving potential and $$\text {CO}_{2}$$ CO 2 emissions reduction potential are derived. Findings resulting from the model application show that there are great disparities in regional efficiencies, and the inefficiency of Chinese regions is largely driven by those inefficient regions in the central and western areas. Notably, the development of recovery energy can help to improve regional energy efficiency and $$\text {CO}_{2}$$ CO 2 emissions efficiency in China.

Keywords: Energy and $$\text {CO}_{2}$$ CO 2 emissions efficiency; Recovery energy; Interval data; Slacks-based measure (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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DOI: 10.1007/s10479-015-2027-x

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