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Optimal incentives for teams: a multiscale decision theory approach

Aditya U. Kulkarni () and Christian Wernz ()
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Aditya U. Kulkarni: Virginia Commonwealth University
Christian Wernz: Virginia Commonwealth University

Annals of Operations Research, 2020, vol. 288, issue 1, No 12, 307-329

Abstract: Abstract We present a novel modeling approach for supervised teams, which can determine optimal incentives when individual team member contributions are unknown. Our approach is based on multiscale decision theory, which models the agents’ decision processes and their mutual influence. To estimate the initially unknown influence of team members on their supervisor’s success, we develop a linear approximation method that estimates model parameters from historic team performance data. In our analysis, we derive the optimal incentives the supervisor should offer to team members accounting for their varying skill levels. In addition, we identify the information and communication requirements between all agents such that the supervisor can calculate the optimal incentives, and such that team members can calculate their optimal effort responses. We illustrate our methods and the results through a systems engineering example.

Keywords: Teams; Incentives; Multiscale decision theory; Principal-agent problem; Systems engineering (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1007/s10479-019-03478-7

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