Spatial fragmentation of industries by functions
Franz-Josef Bade (),
Eckhardt Bode () and
Eleonora Cutrini ()
The Annals of Regional Science, 2015, vol. 54, issue 1, 215-250
We show that key functions are spatially clustered with, or dispersed from, each other even within manufacturing industries in West Germany, and that these clustering or dispersion patterns have changed significantly during recent decades. Estimating levels and changes (1992–2007) of localizations and colocalizations of selected functions (production, headquarter services, R&D) within 27 West German industries by means of $$K$$ K densities, we identify two broad groups of industries. In “fragmenting” industries, which account for half of manufacturing employment, functions were more clustered with each other than the industry as a whole after the fall of the Iron Curtain but have, in accordance with regional theories of spatial fragmentation, been unbundled spatially from each other subsequently. In “integrating” industries, by contrast, which account for one-third of manufacturing employment, functions were initially dispersed from each other but have subsequently been rebundled spatially with each other. This spatial rebundling may be a consequence of offshoring, i.e., international fragmentation. Copyright Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015
Keywords: C19; L60; F23; R12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.
Working Paper: Spatial fragmentation of industries by functions (2012)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:spr:anresc:v:54:y:2015:i:1:p:215-250
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
Access Statistics for this article
The Annals of Regional Science is currently edited by Martin Andersson, E. Kim and Janet E. Kohlhase
More articles in The Annals of Regional Science from Springer, Western Regional Science Association Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla () and Springer Nature Abstracting and Indexing ().