Economics at your fingertips  

Economic effects and greenhouse gas emissions of small-scale hydropower projects in Japan: evidence from a 47-prefecture interregional input–output analysis

Tatsuki Ueda (), Yoji Kunimitsu, Yoshifumi Ishikawa, Mitsuru Okiyama and Suminori Tokunaga
Additional contact information
Tatsuki Ueda: National Agriculture and Food Research Organization
Yoji Kunimitsu: National Agriculture and Food Research Organization
Yoshifumi Ishikawa: Nanzan University
Mitsuru Okiyama: Reitaku University
Suminori Tokunaga: Reitaku University

Asia-Pacific Journal of Regional Science, 2019, vol. 3, issue 2, 333-359

Abstract: Abstract This study investigates the economic effects (output, value added and employment) and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of small-scale hydropower [comprising construction and operation/maintenance (O&M) stages] using a 47-prefecture interregional input–output analysis. We evaluated both backward and income linkage effects using the Miyazawa model, and consequently demonstrated that: (1) with respect to output and employment, the backward linkage effects of the O&M stage are smaller than the construction stage, while the opposite is true for the income linkage effects. This may be mainly attributed to high value-added ratios of the O&M sectors, and implies relatively lower inputs and labor are required for running hydropower facilities than for constructing them. (2) Income linkage effects with respect to all the parameters are dispersed over several prefectures due partly to the income redistribution effect. (3) Analyses of life-cycle GHG emissions in physical terms reveal that the smaller the hydropower plant, the larger the GHG emissions per unit electricity production. This may be because more machinery must be used per unit electricity production at smaller plants, causing more emissions from both construction and maintenance works. (4) Assuming small-scale hydropower generation is conducted across 1602 sites in place of the general (including fossil fuel) power sector, Japan’s national GHG emissions are expected to be moderated by 0.145%, of which 55% is due to the technological effect and the remaining portion is through the electricity-saving effect from higher prices for small-scale hydropower.

Keywords: Climate change; Electricity; Input–output analysis; Regional economy; Renewable energy; C67; Q25; Q42; Q54; R15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link) Abstract (text/html)
Access to the full text of the articles in this series is restricted.

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
https://www.springer ... cience/journal/41685

Access Statistics for this article

Asia-Pacific Journal of Regional Science is currently edited by Yoshiro Higano

More articles in Asia-Pacific Journal of Regional Science from Springer
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla ().

Page updated 2019-11-24
Handle: RePEc:spr:apjors:v:3:y:2019:i:2:d:10.1007_s41685-018-0098-9