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Intensity of labour migration and its determinants: insights from Indian semi-arid villages

Kalandi Charan Pradhan () and Krishnan Narayanan ()
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Kalandi Charan Pradhan: Indian Institute of Technology Bombay

Asia-Pacific Journal of Regional Science, 2019, vol. 3, issue 3, No 14, 955-994

Abstract: Abstract The aim of this study was to examine the potential factors that determine the intensity of labour migration at household level for selected semi-arid villages in two states of India: Telangana and Maharashtra. In doing so, we use panel data for selected migrant households that were compiled from the household survey conducted by International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) for the period 2005–2014. We follow empirical analysis by employing state and aggregate level least squares dummy variable (LSDV) models to demonstrate how factors at each of these level can influence intensity of migration. The study finds that the main determinants of intensity of migration are family size, dependency ratio, age of the head of the household, ownership of the land and livestock owned by the household. Apart from these major factors, share of remittances in household’s total income mostly drives the migration intensity in each of the estimated regression models.

Keywords: Migration intensity; Semi-arid regions; Demographic factors; Socioeconomic factors; Climatic factors; Livelihood strategy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D13 J28 J53 J64 O15 O18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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DOI: 10.1007/s41685-019-00133-8

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