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A paradoxical immigration restriction policy for unskilled illegal immigrants

Kenji Kondoh ()
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Kenji Kondoh: Chukyo University

Asia-Pacific Journal of Regional Science, 2020, vol. 4, issue 2, No 10, 479-497

Abstract: Abstract We consider two types of illegal migrants to a developed country based on the expected lifetime income: low-risk entrance with high risk of detection during their stay (type A) and high-risk entrance with low risk of detection (type B). Following Japan’s new immigration policy introduced in 2019, we also consider two types of legal unskilled immigrants: those with a limited staying period without their families (Specific Skills #1) and those permitted permanent stay with their families (Specific Skills #2). Resulting from each individual’s choice, if all four types of immigrants exist, paradoxically, we found that policies encouraging the introduction of type B illegal immigrants would be the optimal policy for the host country that seeks to improve both foreign workers’ quality and the economic welfare of domestic residents.

Keywords: Illegal immigration; Border control; Internal investigation; Fake visa; Technical intern (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 J61 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1007/s41685-020-00155-7

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