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The Central Role of Energy in the Urban Transition: Global Challenges for Sustainability

Joseph R. Burger (), James H. Brown, John W. Day, Tatiana P. Flanagan and Eric D. Roy
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Joseph R. Burger: Duke University Population Research Institute (DUPRI)
James H. Brown: University of New Mexico
John W. Day: Louisiana State University
Tatiana P. Flanagan: University of New Mexico
Eric D. Roy: University of Vermont

Biophysical Economics and Resource Quality, 2019, vol. 4, issue 1, 1-13

Abstract: Abstract The urban transition, the increased ratio of urban to rural population globally and within countries, is a hallmark of the twenty-first century. Our analysis of publicly available data from the World Bank spanning several decades for ~ 195 countries shows that across and within nations over time, per capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP), energy use, and CO2 emissions are lowest in predominantly rural countries (rural > urban pop.), increase rapidly across urbanizing countries (rural ≈ urban pop.), and are highest in the most urban countries (rural

Keywords: Biophysical economics; Climate change; Economic demography; Energy; Employment; Human ecology; Sustainability; Urban footprint; Cities (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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DOI: 10.1007/s41247-019-0053-z

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