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Competitive Swimming and Racial Disparities in Drowning

Samuel L. Myers (), Ana Cuesta () and Yufeng Lai ()
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Samuel L. Myers: University of Minnesota
Ana Cuesta: University of Minnesota
Yufeng Lai: University of Minnesota

The Review of Black Political Economy, 2017, vol. 44, issue 1, 77-97

Abstract: Abstract This paper provides evidence of an inverse relationship between competitive swimming rates and drowning rates using Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) data on fatal drowning rates and membership rates from USA Swimming, the governing organization of competitive swimming in the United States. Tobit and Poisson regression models are estimated using panel data by state from 1999 to 2007 separately for males, females, African Americans and whites. The strong inverse relationship between competitive swimming rates and unintentional deaths through fatal drowning is most pronounced among African Americans males.

Keywords: Swimming; Drowning; Racial disparities; Underrepresentation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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DOI: 10.1007/s12114-017-9248-y

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