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An optimization and simulation approach to emergency stations relocation

Ľudmila Jánošíková (), Marek Kvet (), Peter Jankovič () and Lýdia Gábrišová ()
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Ľudmila Jánošíková: University of Žilina
Marek Kvet: University of Žilina
Peter Jankovič: University of Žilina
Lýdia Gábrišová: University of Žilina

Central European Journal of Operations Research, 2019, vol. 27, issue 3, 737-758

Abstract: Abstract This paper suggests and compares three median-type location models to determine how to optimally relocate existing emergency medical stations. It also describes a detailed computer simulation model used to evaluate the locations proposed by each model in terms of several indicators of system performance. The simulation model was calibrated using real data from a health care provider in the Slovak Republic. The results of the computer simulation experiments suggest that the simple p-median model can significantly improve the accessibility of urgent health care to patients.

Keywords: Emergency medical service; Ambulance location; p-median problem; Discrete optimization; Computer simulation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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DOI: 10.1007/s10100-019-00612-5

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