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Unpacking the Relationship between Parental Migration and Child well-Being: Evidence from Moldova and Georgia

Franziska Gassmann (), Melissa Siegel, Michaella Vanore and Jennifer Waidler ()
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Melissa Siegel: Maastricht University
Michaella Vanore: Maastricht University
Jennifer Waidler: Maastricht University

Child Indicators Research, 2018, vol. 11, issue 2, No 4, 423-440

Abstract: Abstract Using household survey data collected between September 2011 and December 2012 from Moldova and Georgia, this paper measures and compares the multidimensional well-being of children with and without parents abroad. While a growing body of literature has addressed the effects of migration for children ‘left behind’, relatively few studies have empirically analysed if and to what extent migration implies different well-being outcomes for children, and fewer still have conducted comparisons across countries. To compare the outcomes of children in current- and non-migrant households, this paper defines a multidimensional well-being index comprised of six dimensions of wellness: education, physical health, housing conditions, protection, communication access, and emotional health. This paper challenges conventional wisdom that parental migration is harmful for child well-being: while in Moldova migration does not appear to correspond to any positive or negative well-being outcomes, in Georgia migration was linked to higher probabilities of children attaining well-being in the domains of communication access, housing, and combined well-being index. The different relationship between migration and child well-being in Moldova and Georgia likely reflects different migration trajectories, mobility patterns, and levels of maturity of each migration stream.

Keywords: Migration; Children; Multi-dimensional poverty; Moldova; Georgia (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 I32 J14 J61 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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DOI: 10.1007/s12187-017-9461-z

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