A city of trades: Spanish and Italian immigrants in late-nineteenth-century Buenos Aires, Argentina
Leticia Arroyo Abad () and
Blanca Sanchez-Alonso ()
Cliometrica, 2018, vol. 12, issue 2, No 6, 343-376
Abstract The city of Buenos Aires in the 1890s is an extreme case in immigration history since the native workers accounted for less than one-third of the labour force. In this paper, we look at the labour market performance of Argentineans vis-à-vis the largest two immigrant groups, Italians and the Spaniards. We find that, on average, Argentineans enjoyed higher wages, but workers specialised in particular occupations by nationality. Immigrants clustered in occupations with lower salaries. Despite higher literacy levels and the language advantage, Spaniards did not outperform Italians in earnings. Ethnic networks facilitated the integration of immigrants into the host society and played a role in the occupation selection of immigrants. Our results suggest that Italian prosperity in Buenos Aires was not based on superior earnings or skills but on older and powerful networks.
Keywords: Migration; Wages; Networks; Labour force; Buenos Aires (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 N36 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11698-017-0164-y Abstract (text/html)
Access to the full text of the articles in this series is restricted.
Working Paper: A city of trades: Spanish and Italian Immigrants in Late Nineteenth Century Buenos Aires. Argentina (2015)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:spr:cliomt:v:12:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s11698-017-0164-y
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
Access Statistics for this article
Cliometrica is currently edited by Claude Diebolt
More articles in Cliometrica from Springer, Cliometric Society (Association Francaise de Cliométrie) Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla () and Springer Nature Abstracting and Indexing ().