Domestic migrations in Spain during its first industrialisation, 1840s–1870s
Carlos Santiago-Caballero ()
Cliometrica, 2021, vol. 15, issue 3, No 2, 535-563
Abstract Using an original microeconomic database with information for around 200,000 individuals, this paper creates new estimates of internal migrations in Spain in a key moment of its economic history. Our analysis shows that internal migrations were not a linear process including both periods of stagnation and also rapid growth, and that the 1850s were a decade of surprising high mobility in the absence of modern transportation. We also conclude that the rise in mobility was geographically asymmetrical with traditional urban centres losing ground against the rise of Madrid and Barcelona. The modernisation of the country also had significant social impacts with the migratory gender gap being significantly reduced prior to 1870. An analysis of the determinants of internal migrations suggests that traditional push and pull factors described by the literature in the early twentieth century seem to be also behind the early migrations of the mid-nineteenth century. The modernisation of the country provided new opportunities in urban areas that, combined with falling transport and information costs, created the perfect conditions for the ‘democratisation’ of long-distance migrations.
Keywords: Migrations; Spain; Gender gap; Industrialisation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: N33 N94 O14 R23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11698-020-00213-2 Abstract (text/html)
Access to the full text of the articles in this series is restricted.
Journal Article: Domestic migrations in Spain during its first industrialisation, 1840s–1870s (2021)
Working Paper: Domestic migrations in Spain during its first industrialization, 1840s-1870s (2020)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:spr:cliomt:v:15:y:2021:i:3:d:10.1007_s11698-020-00213-2
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
Access Statistics for this article
Cliometrica is currently edited by Claude Diebolt
More articles in Cliometrica from Springer, Cliometric Society (Association Francaise de Cliométrie) Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla () and Springer Nature Abstracting and Indexing ().