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Elections and de facto expenditure decentralization in Canada

Mario Jametti () and Marcelin Joanis

Economics of Governance, 2020, vol. 21, issue 3, No 4, 275-297

Abstract: Abstract This paper empirically investigates the underlying determinants of the respective roles of different levels of government in expenditure functions, guided by recent theoretical developments on the political economy of partial expenditure decentralization. We adopt a theoretical framework in which the degree of expenditure decentralization is endogenous and depends, in equilibrium, on the relative political conditions prevailing at each level of government. Consistent with the model’s predictions, empirical results from a panel of Canadian provinces show that the share of total expenditure in a province assumed by the provincial government increases with the electoral strength of the provincial government and decreases with the electoral strength of the federal government, in addition to being affected significantly by the partisan affiliation of both levels of government. A series of alternative empirical specifications, including an IV regression exploiting campaign spending data, are presented to assess the robustness of these results.

Keywords: Fiscal decentralization; Fiscal federalism; Partial decentralization; Elections (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D72 H77 R50 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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Working Paper: Elections and de facto Expenditure Decentralization in Canada (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Elections and de facto Expenditure Decentralization in Canada (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Elections and de facto Expenditure Decentralization in Canada (2014) Downloads
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DOI: 10.1007/s10101-020-00241-8

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