EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Exposure to Floods, Climate Change, and Poverty in Vietnam

Mook Bangalore (), Andrew Smith and Ted Veldkamp
Additional contact information
Mook Bangalore: London School of Economics
Andrew Smith: Fathom
Ted Veldkamp: Vrije Universiteit

Economics of Disasters and Climate Change, 2019, vol. 3, issue 1, 79-99

Abstract: Abstract With 70% of its population living in coastal areas and low-lying deltas, Vietnam is highly exposed to riverine and coastal flooding. This paper conducts a “stress-test” and examines the exposure of the population and poor people in particular to current and future flooding in Vietnam and specifically in Ho Chi Minh City. We develop new high-resolution flood hazard maps at 90 m horizontal resolution, and combine this with spatially-explicit socioeconomic data on poverty at the country and city level, two datasets often kept separate. The national-level analysis finds that a third of today’s population is already exposed to a flood, which occurs once every 25 years, assuming no protection. For the same return period flood under current socioeconomic conditions, climate change may increase the number exposed to 38 to 46% of the population (an increase of 13–27% above current exposure), depending on the severity of sea level rise. While poor districts are not found to be more exposed to floods at the national level, the city-level analysis of Ho Chi Minh City provides evidence that slum areas are more exposed than other urban areas. The results of this paper provide an estimate of the potential exposure under climate change, including for poor people, and can provide input on where to locate future investments in flood risk management.

Keywords: Q54; I30; Q50; Floods; Poverty; Vietnam; Exposure; Urban development (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s41885-018-0035-4 Abstract (text/html)
Access to the full text of the articles in this series is restricted.

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:spr:ediscc:v:3:y:2019:i:1:d:10.1007_s41885-018-0035-4

Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
https://www.springer ... mental/journal/41885

Access Statistics for this article

Economics of Disasters and Climate Change is currently edited by Ilan Noy and Shunsuke Managi

More articles in Economics of Disasters and Climate Change from Springer
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla ().

 
Page updated 2019-05-21
Handle: RePEc:spr:ediscc:v:3:y:2019:i:1:d:10.1007_s41885-018-0035-4