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Drivers of COVID-19 Stay at Home Orders: Epidemiologic, Economic, or Political Concerns?

Lea-Rachel Kosnik () and Allen Bellas ()
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Allen Bellas: Metropolitan State University

Economics of Disasters and Climate Change, 2020, vol. 4, issue 3, No 5, 503-514

Abstract: Abstract What factors affected whether or not a U.S. state governor issued a state-wide stay-at-home order in response to the COVID-19 pandemic of early 2020? Once issued, what factors affected the length of this stay-at-home order? Using duration analysis, we test a number of epidemiological, economic, and political factors for their impact on a state governor’s decision to ultimately issue, and then terminate, blanket stay-at-home orders across the 50 U.S. states. Results indicate that while epidemiologic and economic variables had some impact on the delay to initiation and length of the stay-at-home orders, political factors dominated both the initiation and ultimate duration of stay-at-home orders across the United States.

Keywords: COVID-19; Pandemic; Stay at home order; Public policy; Health; Coronavirus (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H7 I1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1007/s41885-020-00073-0

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