Hurricane Sandy: Damages, Disruptions and Pathways to Recovery
Sisi Meng () and
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Sisi Meng: University of Notre Dame
Pallab Mozumder: Florida International University
Economics of Disasters and Climate Change, 2021, vol. 5, issue 2, No 4, 223-247
Abstract Critical infrastructure and public utility systems are often severely damaged by natural disasters like hurricanes. Based on a framework of household disaster resilience, this paper focuses on the role of utility disruption on household-level recovery in the context of Hurricane Sandy. Using data collected through a two-stage household survey, it first confirms that the sample selection bias is not present, thus the responses can be estimated sequentially. Second, it quantitatively examines factors contributing to hurricane-induced property damages and household-level recovery. The finding suggests that respondents who suffered from a longer period of utility disruptions (e.g., electricity, water, gas, phone/cell phone, public transportation) are more likely to incur monetary losses and have more difficulty in recovering. Effective preparedness activities (e.g., installing window protections, having an electric generator) can have positive results in reducing adverse shocks. Respondents with past hurricane experiences and higher educational attainments are found to be more resilient compared to others. Finally, the paper discusses the implications of the findings on effective preparation and mitigation strategies for future disasters.
Keywords: Household recovery; Utility disruption; Hurricane sandy; Hurricane preparation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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