Immediate impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on household economic activities and food security in Tajikistan
Enerelt Murakami ()
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Enerelt Murakami: Japan International Cooperation Agency, Ogata Sadako Research Institute for Peace and Development
Economics of Disasters and Climate Change, 2022, vol. 6, issue 2, No 3, 259-291
Abstract Using a nationally representative monthly survey, administered both before and after the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, this paper provides estimates of household responses to the COVID-19 pandemic in Tajikistan, focusing on (i) short-term dynamic impacts on household economic outcomes and food security, (ii) heterogenous effects across different households, and (iii) coping with income shocks resulted from the pandemic. Parametric and non-parametric event studies are estimated to quantify the short-run dynamic impacts of the pandemic on household activities. The findings show that household employment and income dropped, and food insecurity immediately worsened with the first confirmed COVID-19 cases and continues to deteriorate six months into the pandemic in Tajikistan. The extent of the impacts varies depending on locations, pre-pandemic income levels, and household sizes. In response to the income shock brought about by the pandemic, households increased borrowings and reduced food and health expenditures. These results are robust to different specifications.
Keywords: COVID-19; Employment; Household income; Food security; Event study designs; Coping mechanisms (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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