Estimating productivity and returns to scale in the US textile industry
Harri Ramcharran ()
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Harri Ramcharran: Associate Professor of Finance and International Business, Dept. of Finance, College of Business Administration, University of Akron, Akron, OH 44325, USA
Empirical Economics, 2001, vol. 26, issue 3, 515-524
In light of the textile industry's growing foreign competition, trade deficit and job loss, we estimate its productivity and efficiency for the period 1975-93 utilizing a variable elasticity of substitution production function. The results indicate that, despite job losses, the industry adjusted by increasing labor productivity and maintaining fairly stable profits. This performance does not warrant protectionist policies. However, with an elasticity of factor substitution less than one and decreasing, the impact of factor price increases could result in higher apparel prices and preference for cheaper imports. Furthermore, with an elasticity of capital output rapidly decreasing, significant technological improvements will be required to improve competitiveness since textile production is capital intensive. Recently revised rules on trade liberalization could increase competition in the industry.
Keywords: textile; ·; elasticity; of; factor; substitution; ·; protectionism (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D24 C22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Note: received: October 1999/Final version received: August 2000
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