Does international tourism affect international trade and economic growth? The Indian experience
K. G. Suresh () and
Aviral Tiwari ()
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K. G. Suresh: IFHE University
Empirical Economics, 2018, vol. 54, issue 3, 945-957
Abstract This study attempts to investigate the relationship between international tourism, trade, and economic growth in India over the period from April 1991 to July 2012. To account for potential asymmetries in the relationship, we make use of new asymmetric Granger-causality tests and frequency analysis. We show that there is bidirectional Granger-causality between trade and tourism in positive components, whereas unidirectional Granger-causality runs from tourism to trade for negative components. Moreover, we find evidence of bidirectional Granger-causality between economic growth and tourism in positive components, but unidirectional Granger-causality running from economic growth to tourism for negative components. On the other hand, the results from frequency analysis provide evidence of Granger-causality between trade and tourism, and also between economic growth and tourism, at different frequency bands.
Keywords: Trade; Tourism; Economic growth; Asymmetric causality (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L8 L83 F1 F43 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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