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The relationship between healthcare expenditure and disposable personal income in the US states: a fractional integration and cointegration analysis

Guglielmo Maria Caporale, Juncal Cunado (), Luis Gil-Alana () and Rangan Gupta ()
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Juncal Cunado: University of Navarra

Empirical Economics, 2018, vol. 55, issue 3, 913-935

Abstract: Abstract This study examines the relationship between healthcare expenditure and disposable income in the 50 US states over the period 1966–2009 using fractional integration and cointegration techniques. The degree of integration and nonlinearity of both series are found to vary considerably across states, while the fractional cointegration analysis suggests that a long-run relationship exists between them in only 11 out of the 50 US states. The estimated long-run income elasticity of healthcare expenditure suggests that health care is a luxury good in these states. By contrast, the short-run elasticity obtained from the regressions in first differences is in the range (0, 1) for most US states, which suggests that health care is a necessity good instead. The implications of these results for health policy are also discussed.

Keywords: Healthcare expenditure; Income elasticity; US states; Fractional integration; Fractional cointegration; C22; C32; H51; I18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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Working Paper: The Relationship between Healthcare Expenditure and Disposable Personal Income in the US States: A Fractional Integration and Cointegration Analysis (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: The Relationship between Healthcare Expenditure and Disposable Personal Income in the US States: A Fractional Integration and Cointegration Analysis (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: The Relationship between Healthcare expenditures and Disposable Personal Income in the US States: A Fractional Integration and Cointegration Analysis (2015)
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