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The impact of financial development, economic growth, income inequality on poverty: evidence from India

Madhu Sehrawat () and A. K. Giri ()
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Madhu Sehrawat: T. A. Pai Management Institute
A. K. Giri: Birla institute of Technology and Science (BITS)

Empirical Economics, 2018, vol. 55, issue 4, 1585-1602

Abstract: Abstract This paper examines the impact of financial development, economic growth and income inequality on poverty in India from 1970 to 2015 by employing the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) bounds testing procedure. The findings reveal a robust long-run relationship between financial development, economic growth, inequality and poverty. Results show that financial development and economic growth help in poverty reduction in India, whereas income inequality and inflation aggravate poverty. Empirical evidence of the Granger-causality test supports the presence of unidirectional causality from financial development and economic growth to poverty. Moreover, bidirectional causality exists between inequality and poverty. The present study provides evidence on which the policymakers may proceed with detailed investigation of how specific financial sector policies and interventions can be deployed as effective instruments for achieving favorable economic growth and income distribution. The study recommends that policies geared toward increasing financial development and economic growth should be adopted to reduce the high level of poverty and inequality currently prevailing in India.

Keywords: Financial development; Income inequality; Poverty; Economic growth; Autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL); India (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C22 D30 F43 O16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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