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Regional spatial patterns and influencing factors of environmental auditing for sustainable development: summaries and illuminations from international experiences

Haiyan Lu, Yanqiang Wei (), Suchang Yang and Yunwei Liu
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Haiyan Lu: Lanzhou University
Yanqiang Wei: Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Suchang Yang: Lanzhou University
Yunwei Liu: Xichang University

Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, 2020, vol. 22, issue 4, No 38, 3577-3597

Abstract: Abstract Environmental auditing (EA) is an efficient tool for supervising environmental governance for the realization of economic and social sustainable development. However, the extent to which EA influences the implementation of environmental protection projects and the dominating socioeconomic factors affecting the implementation of EA are unclear. Due to limited data availability, reports investigating this issue are relatively scarce. Based on annual investigation data from the International Organisation of Supreme Audit Institutions regarding the implementation of world EA projects between 2003 and 2013, this paper performed exploratory spatial data analysis to analyze the spatial correlations of EA projects in 204 countries/regions worldwide. In addition, spatial regression models for the year 2013 were established. The findings suggest that (I) high–high regions were mainly concentrated in North America, Europe, and parts of Latin America. The local implementation of EA had strong spatial interactive effects and was heavily influenced by adjacent regions. An experimental area that has already implemented EA can influence its adjacent regions, and the surrounding regions may learn from such implementation. (II) The spatial regression coefficient of the spatial lag model was 0.323 and highly significant (p

Keywords: Spatial effect; Exploratory spatial data analysis (ESDA); Spatial regression model; Environmental auditing; Environmental management; Sustainable development (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1007/s10668-019-00357-w

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