EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Environmental quality, forestation, and health expenditure: a cross-country evidence

Muhammad Awais Anwar (), Ghulam Rasool Madni () and Iftikhar Yasin ()
Additional contact information
Muhammad Awais Anwar: University of Education Lower Mall Campus
Ghulam Rasool Madni: University of Education Lower Mall Campus
Iftikhar Yasin: University of Lahore

Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, 2021, vol. 23, issue 11, No 35, 16454-16480

Abstract: Abstract The study probes the relationship between health expenditures, forestation, and environmental quality using panel data of 87 countries, through 1999–2018. The empirical analysis is based on 16 high-income, 22 upper-middle-income, 18 low-middle-income, 13 low-income, and 18 partner countries of one belt one road (OBOR) project. The Chinese government initiated one belt one road (OBOR) project to enhance the level of cooperation among partner countries in different sectors of an economy. The study incorporates a difference and system generalized method of moments (GMM) to control the problem of endogeneity. Empirical findings reveal the positive and significant relationship between CO2 emission and per capita health expenditure among the selected samples of all countries. However, forest area exhibits negative and significant association with per capita health expenditure in low-income and partner of one belt one road (OBOR) countries. The study incorporates different regression specification categories and amalgamation with different control variables such as per capita income, trade, and industrial value-added to ensure the robustness of estimates.

Keywords: CO2 emission; Per capita health expenditure; Per capita income; Trade; Industrial value-added (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: P18 Q19 Q20 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10668-021-01364-6 Abstract (text/html)
Access to the full text of the articles in this series is restricted.

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:spr:endesu:v:23:y:2021:i:11:d:10.1007_s10668-021-01364-6

Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
http://www.springer.com/economics/journal/10668

DOI: 10.1007/s10668-021-01364-6

Access Statistics for this article

Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development is currently edited by Luc Hens

More articles in Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development from Springer
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla () and Springer Nature Abstracting and Indexing ().

 
Page updated 2022-05-12
Handle: RePEc:spr:endesu:v:23:y:2021:i:11:d:10.1007_s10668-021-01364-6