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Ecosystems, livelihood assets and willingness to pay for wetland conservation in Bangladesh

A. K. M. Abdullah Al-Amin (), Khorshed Alam (), Uttam Babu Shrestha (), Masudul Haque Prodhan (), Mostafa A. R. Hossain (), Nahid Sattar (), M. J. Hossain () and Tahmina Akhter ()
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A. K. M. Abdullah Al-Amin: Bangladesh Agricultural University
Khorshed Alam: University of Southern Queensland
Uttam Babu Shrestha: University of Southern Queensland
Masudul Haque Prodhan: Bangladesh Agricultural University
Mostafa A. R. Hossain: Bangladesh Agricultural University
Nahid Sattar: Bangladesh Agricultural University
M. J. Hossain: Bangladesh Agricultural University
Tahmina Akhter: Bangladesh Agricultural University

Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, 2021, vol. 23, issue 12, No 16, 17503-17534

Abstract: Abstract Wetland ecosystem services have come under severe threat globally due to environmental changes and anthropogenic impacts. Understanding the trend and usages of the ecosystem services with associated reasons, conservation attitude and determinants of payment responses of local inhabitants based on wetland proximity can benefit the adjacent communities and policy makers. The major contribution of the present study is that the study investigated the patterns of use and livelihood significance of wetland ecosystem services in data-deficit regions of north-eastern Bangladesh through evaluating the perceptions of local experts and community people. In addition, we examined the willingness to pay (WTP) attitudes using two payment vehicles and three payment versions as well as examined the effect of livelihood assets on their WTP. Results showed that the ecosystem services satisfy the subsistence, semi-commercial, commercial and beneficial requirements of the adjacent communities. Amongst the twenty-nine identified species, a few were locally extinct, and the availability of a number of other species decreased substantially. Conservation attitudes revealed that 25% of the respondents were interested in cash payment of which 16% expressed exact amount, whilst 9% mentioned interval values. However, 45% respondents were willing to volunteer a given number of days per annum of which 27% and 18% elicited exact and interval values, respectively. Interval regression results showed that WTP for conservation of the ecosystem services was sensitive to livelihood capitals. The study suggests proximity-based policies, declaring the wetland as an ecologically critical area, and utilising volunteering efforts by local inhabitants for conservation. Graphic abstract

Keywords: Wetland ecosystems; Livelihood significance; Livelihood assets; Payment cards format; Willingness to pay; Bangladesh (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1007/s10668-021-01398-w

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