Sustainable development in the mining industry: towards the development of tools for evaluating socioeconomic impact in the Canadian context
El Hadj Matar Gueye,
Adel Badri () and
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El Hadj Matar Gueye: Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières
Adel Badri: Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières
Bryan Boudreau-Trudel: Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue
Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, 2021, vol. 23, issue 5, No 3, 6576-6602
Abstract In spite of its economic outputs, the Canadian mining sector has suffered from several setbacks that have compromised its reputation. This has led many of its stakeholders to adopt a shift towards a new paradigm focused on sustainable development. In this review of the literature, we identify the impact that mining activities have had on various social, economic and environmental issues in Canadian society. We also survey the criteria and indicators included in various models that may be used to evaluate the adequacy of the transition of mines towards sustainable development. Finally, the strengths and weaknesses of eight tools that have been applied to the socioeconomic impact of mines are analysed. A clear vision of prospects for promoting sustainable development in Canadian mining emerges from this survey. Our analysis reveals important factors not given adequate consideration in the models used currently to evaluate and suggests opportunities to improve these evaluation tools through identification of more relevant criteria and indicators. The research undertaken should incite stakeholders to develop social and economic impact evaluation tools that are better adapted to the Canadian context.
Keywords: Sustainable development; Evaluation tools; Indicators; Impact; Mining industry; Canada (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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