EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

The effect of gubernatorial political parties on monitoring and enforcement of federal environmental regulation: evidence from the Clean Water Act

Aaron Elrod, Serkan Karadas () and Katherine C. Theyson ()
Additional contact information
Serkan Karadas: Sewanee: The University of the South
Katherine C. Theyson: Sewanee: The University of the South

Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, 2019, vol. 21, issue 2, 171-202

Abstract: Abstract According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, states should inspect each of their major water polluters at least once a year. However, studies have shown that the frequency and stringency of inspections depend on factors such as state budgets, state employee costs, and Congressional voting patterns and committee memberships. This paper adds to this literature by examining the effect of gubernatorial political party affiliation on Clean Water Act monitoring and enforcement. Using a regression discontinuity design approach, we find evidence that states with Democratic governors inspect a smaller percentage of their major water polluters, and that they inspect less stringently, compared to states with Republican governors; enforcement actions, however, are similar across states. We find no evidence that these differences in inspections lead to differences in compliance, suggesting that Democratic and Republican governors use different methods to generate compliance with the Clean Water Act.

Keywords: Political parties; Environmental regulation; Clean Water Act; States; Regression discontinuity (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D72 H76 Q53 Q58 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10018-018-0226-9 Abstract (text/html)
Access to the full text of the articles in this series is restricted.

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:spr:envpol:v:21:y:2019:i:2:d:10.1007_s10018-018-0226-9

Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
http://www.springer. ... mental/journal/10018

Access Statistics for this article

Environmental Economics and Policy Studies is currently edited by Ken-Ichi Akao

More articles in Environmental Economics and Policy Studies from Springer, Society for Environmental Economics and Policy Studies - SEEPS Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla ().

 
Page updated 2019-11-08
Handle: RePEc:spr:envpol:v:21:y:2019:i:2:d:10.1007_s10018-018-0226-9