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Negotiating weights for burden sharing rules in international climate negotiations: an empirical analysis

Martin Kesternich (), Andreas Löschel () and Andreas Ziegler ()
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Andreas Ziegler: ZEW-Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research

Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, 2021, vol. 23, issue 2, No 4, 309-331

Abstract: Abstract We have collected data from a world-wide survey among COP delegates to empirically investigate preferences for certain burden sharing rules among key groups in a setting that reflects the possibility of observing concessions from negotiating partners. In our survey, the participants had the opportunity to select and combine up to eight (pre-defined) burden sharing rules and to assign relative weights to the selected rules in their preferred bundle. We examine whether such a mechanism helps to overcome the currently strictly (self-interested) strategic claims on equity in the negotiation process. We observe that delegates from different groups of countries show a general willingness for concessions. However, the degree to which different burden sharing rules are taken into consideration partly differs between countries. As a key insight we report that the individual assessment of the polluter-pays rule based on current emissions does not only stress the persistence of the traditional Annex-B/Non-Annex-B division but also suggests tendencies for a more fragmented grouping with different positions between, for example, delegates from developing countries (i.e. G77 members) and emerging countries (i.e. BASIC). At the same time, we observe tendencies for a more harmonized view among key groups towards the ability-to-pay rule in a setting of weighted burden sharing rules.

Keywords: International climate negotiations; Distributive justice; Equity preferences; Burden sharing rules; D63; H41; Q54 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1007/s10018-020-00289-0

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