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Health system characteristics and unmet care needs in Europe: an analysis based on EU-SILC data

Sabine Chaupain-Guillot () and Olivier Guillot ()

The European Journal of Health Economics, 2015, vol. 16, issue 7, 781-796

Abstract: Using survey data from the 2009 wave of the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions, this study examines the determinants of unmet needs for medical and dental care in European countries. Special emphasis is put on the impact of health system characteristics. Four factors are taken into account: the density of doctors or dentists, the rules governing access to practitioners, the method of paying primary care physicians, and the amount of out-of-pocket payments. The analysis is carried out using multilevel logistic regression models. Separate regressions are estimated for medical and dental services. The dependent variable is whether respondents reported that, at least once in the last 12 months, they needed care but did not receive it. The estimation results show that the probability of experiencing unmet medical or dental needs varies noticeably across countries. This inter-country variability seems to be partly explained by the differences in the financing of health care. Indeed, a positive link is found between the share of households’ out-of-pocket payments in total health expenditure and the probability of unmet needs. The other contextual factors do not seem to play a significant role. Copyright Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Keywords: Access to health care; Unmet needs; Medical care; Dental care; European comparison; I10; I18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2015
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The European Journal of Health Economics is currently edited by J.-M.G.v.d. Schulenburg

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