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Treatment cost and life expectancy of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL): a discrete event simulation model on a UK population-based observational cohort

Han-I. Wang (), Alexandra Smith, Eline Aas, Eve Roman, Simon Crouch, Cathy Burton and Russell Patmore
Additional contact information
Han-I. Wang: University of York
Alexandra Smith: University of York
Eline Aas: University of Oslo
Eve Roman: University of York
Simon Crouch: University of York
Cathy Burton: St. James’s University Hospital
Russell Patmore: Castle Hill Hospital

The European Journal of Health Economics, 2017, vol. 18, issue 2, 255-267

Abstract: Abstract Background Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the commonest non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Previous studies examining the cost of treating DLBCL have generally focused on a specific first-line therapy alone; meaning that their findings can neither be extrapolated to the general patient population nor to other points along the treatment pathway. Based on empirical data from a representative population-based patient cohort, the objective of this study was to develop a simulation model that could predict costs and life expectancy of treating DLBCL. Methods All patients newly diagnosed with DLBCL in the UK’s population-based Haematological Malignancy Research Network ( www.hmrn.org ) in 2007 were followed until 2013 (n = 271). Mapped treatment pathways, alongside cost information derived from the National Tariff 2013/14, were incorporated into a patient-level simulation model in order to reflect the heterogeneities of patient characteristics and treatment options. The NHS and social services perspective was adopted, and all outcomes were discounted at 3.5 % per annum. Results Overall, the expected total medical costs were £22,122 for those treated with curative intent, and £2930 for those managed palliatively. For curative chemotherapy, the predicted medical costs were £14,966, £23,449 and £7376 for first-, second- and third-line treatments, respectively. The estimated annual cost for treating DLBCL across the UK was around £88–92 million. Conclusions This is the first cost modelling study using empirical data to provide ‘real world’ evidence throughout the DLBCL treatment pathway. Future application of the model could include evaluation of new technologies/treatments to support healthcare decision makers, especially in the era of personalised medicine.

Keywords: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma; DLBCL; Cost; Discrete event simulation; Patient-level simulation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D24 D61 E17 H43 I11 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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